?A lot of you are probably wondering when you were reading in chapter 3 what a Dramaturg is. The book gives a brief over view of what this person does for a theatrical production but I do not like the books definition and I would like for you guys to understand this position a little better. To do that I have developed a little assignment that will help you get into the shoes of an actual dramaturg.
The definition of a Dramaturg I would like you to use is this:
“A Dramaturg is a person that serves as the voice between playwright and the production.”
This means that when a production is being done, it is the responsibility of the dramaturg to make sure that the director, actors, designers and everyone involved in the production is sticking to the playwright’s original vision.
How does a dramaturg do this? A dramaturg can do this in many different ways but one of the most popular methods is called the PERSIA method.
PERSIA METHOD – this system has the dramaturg study the time period in which the playwright himself lived through six different viewpoints.
P – Political, what was going on in the world politically when the playwright wrote this play. Who was King, or President, was there a war going on etc.
E – Economic, what was going on economically at the time the play was written. Was the playwright poor was the economy good/bad etc.
R – Religious, what was going on religiously in the world at the time the play was written. What was the primary religion at that time.
S – Socially, what was going on socially at the time the play was written. Were there class systems and what were they.
I – Intellectual, what was going on intellectually in the world with education and what were the popular philosophies of the time period.
A – Artistically, what famous art movements were happening during the time of the playwright.
• Students are required to experience what it is like to be a Dramaturg for a production, and complete a 350 word essay choosing one of the 6 viewpoints and showing how that particular viewpoint influenced the Playwright.
1) Read the play Othello by William Shakespeare.
2) Next you must choose a viewpoint on which to research about the time this play was written. That time period is between the years 1575 c.e. and 1630 c.e. Choose one of the PERSIA, viewpoint and do your research.
3) Now write your 350 word essay about the research you have gathered and how it affected Shakespeare in writing it.
A Shortened Example: Play Macbeth. Viewpoint – Political.
Politically in England during Shakespeare’s life, James V of Scotland has just become James I King of England. Since Macbeth is about a Scottish king it is safe to assume that Shakespeare was writing a play that would appeal to the current King of England. James I was also interested in the occult, and in the play Macbeth the characters of the witches serve as a major influence in moving the story forward.